Fesoterodine, is marketed under the brand name Toviaz.
This medication is used to treat overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. Overactive bladder is a condition characterized by sudden and frequent urges to urinate, often accompanied by urinary incontinence (involuntary leakage of urine) and increased frequency of urination.
Fesoterodine belongs to a class of drugs called anticholinergics or antimuscarinics. It works by blocking the action of a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine, which play a role in causing the involuntary contractions of the bladder. By reducing these contractions, fesoterodine helps to control the symptoms of OAB, including urgency, frequency, and incontinence.
It is important to note that anticholinergic medications like fesoterodine can have potential side effects, which can vary in severity from person to person. Some common side effects of fesoterodine (Toviaz) may include:
Dry Mouth: Anticholinergics can reduce saliva production, leading to a dry or sticky sensation in the mouth.
Constipation: These medications can slow down bowel movements, potentially leading to constipation.
Blurred Vision: Anticholinergics can affect the eye's ability to focus, leading to temporary blurred vision.
Dizziness or Drowsiness: Some individuals may experience dizziness or drowsiness, especially when starting the medication or if the dose is too high.
Urinary Retention: In rare cases, anticholinergics can cause difficulty in emptying the bladder, leading to urinary retention.
Increased Heart Rate: These medications can occasionally cause a slightly increased heart rate, known as tachycardia. If you are heart medication, extra caution must be used.
Cognitive Effects: There have been concerns about anticholinergic medications potentially affecting cognitive function, particularly in older adults. Long-term use of anticholinergics has been associated with a slightly increased risk of cognitive decline.
Allergic Reactions: Allergic reactions to medications are possible. If you experience signs of an allergic reaction, such as rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing seek medical attention immediately.
It's important to discuss any potential side effects and concerns with a healthcare provider before starting fesoterodine or any other medication. The doctor will consider your medical history, current medications, and individual risk factors to determine if fesoterodine is an appropriate treatment for your condition. If you experience any severe or bothersome side effects while taking fesoterodine, you should contact your healthcare provider.